Toxic People






Creative Commons Licence

Created date

November 26, 2018

Critical Commentary

"Toxic People," "Toxic Places," and "Toxic Periods" are collages I assembled mostly from L.A. Public Library's online photography collections. This digital database is fully public, searchable, and compiles several image sets: Shades of L.A., the Herald Examiner (a defunct Hearst paper, yes that Hearst), the Valley Times, etc. My inspiration for doing this research began with an everyday practice I initiated as a resolution for the New Year, 1 January 2018. My dissertation project engages with methodologies from the New Sensory History. Chapter 1 is called "White Sight" and presents an account of visualities in L.A.'s car culture as related to postwar urban/suburban white identity formation.

Instagram is a social media platform oriented toward visuality, so I decided to use it as a showcase, plus an informal personal archive, for interesting images I found via L.A.P.L. As an exercise for getting through these collections (in exactly one year), I opted to post at least one image commemorating that day in L.A. history and to pair it a short essay. The result, #LAunforgotten, has developed into a year in L.A. history, with posts going as far back as the Spanish pueblo's founding and as far forward as the next solar eclipse to pass over the region (2800s).

In honor of Visualizing Toxic Substances (VTS), I reimagined my #LAunforgotten as a playful revolt against the one-dimensional thinking Instagram promotes. Toxigram is a term I use to reference my relentlessly critical, at times  cynical, contributions to what otherwise looks like a rather superficial medium for conveying "positive thinking." Each of the three collages, "Toxic People," "Toxic Places," and "Toxic Periods," seeks to jolt viewers into an awareness of new connections among several themes the historiography typically cannot link together. My titles and the three accompanying essays point out a few links I see and stress, but please treat the collages as prompts facilitating your finding and making original connections.


Davis, Mike. 1990. City of Quartz: Excavating the Future in Los Angeles. Verso.

Life and Moviepix Collections. n.d. Getty Images. Accessed November 26, 2018.

Specific images:

Nixon 50549737; Reagan: 533738739

Photo Collections. n.d. Los Angeles Public Library website. Accessed November 26, 2018. 

Specific images: 

Jarvis 00055993; Mulholland 00043871; Arechiga 00081522; Ahmanson 00081956; McPherson 00024572; Retton 00052556; Gehry: 00029315